Uunƙarar atarƙashin atarƙashin Surarƙashin Tsarin Tsarin

Mene ne shigar da zafi mai magance farfajiyar farfajiya?

Ƙarƙashin ƙarewa tsari ne na maganin zafin jiki wanda ke ba da izinin dumama ƙarancin ƙarfe ta hanyar shigar da lantarki. Tsarin yana dogara ne da igiyar wutar lantarki da aka haifar a cikin abu don samar da zafi kuma ita ce hanyar da aka fi amfani da ita don ɗaurewa, tauri ko laushi da karafa ko wasu kayan sarrafawa. A cikin ayyukan masana'antu na zamani, wannan nau'i na maganin zafin jiki yana ba da haɗin haɗuwa mai amfani na sauri, daidaito da sarrafawa. Kodayake sanannun ƙa'idodi sanannu ne, ci gaban zamani a cikin fasaha mai ƙarfi na ƙasa ya sa aikin ya zama mai sauƙi, hanyar dumama mai tsada don aikace-aikace waɗanda suka haɗa da shiga, jiyya, dumama da gwajin kayan.

Maganin zafin da ake shanyewa, ta hanyar amfani da karfin wuta mai amfani da wutan lantarki, zai baka damar zabi mafi kyawun halaye na zahiri don ba kowane bangare na karfe bane kawai - amma ga kowane bangare a jikin bangaren karfe. Uarfafa ƙarfin shigarwa na iya ba da ƙarfi mai ƙarfi don ɗaukar mujallu da sassan shaft ba tare da sadaukar da ductility da ake buƙata don ɗaukar nauyi da girgiza ba. Kuna iya taurara saman ɗaukar ciki da kujerun bawul a cikin sassaƙƙƙƙun sassa ba tare da ƙirƙirar matsalolin murdiya ba. Wannan yana nufin cewa zaku iya taurara ko sanya takamaiman yankuna don karko da ductility ta hanyoyin da zasu iya biyan buƙatunku mafi kyau.

Fa'idodi na Ayyukan Kula da Zazzafan Zazzabi

  • Mayar da hankali akan Kula da zafi Hararfafawar samaniya yana riƙe da tasirin asalin asali yayin da yake tauraruwar babban yanki na ɓangaren. Yankin da aka taurara an sarrafa shi daidai dangane da zurfin harka, faɗi, wuri da taurin.
  • Ingantaccen daidaito Kawar da rashin daidaito da kuma ingancin lamura masu alaƙa da buɗe wuta, ɗora wutar tocila da sauran hanyoyin. Da zarar an daidaita tsarin kuma an saita shi, babu wani tsammani aiki ko bambancin ra'ayi; tsarin dumama abu ne mai maimaitacce kuma mai daidaituwa. Tare da tsarin zamani na zamani, madaidaicin kulawar zafin jiki yana samar da sakamako iri daya.

  • Imiara yawan Samarwa Za'a iya kara girman yawan kayan aiki saboda ana bunkasa zafi kai tsaye kuma nan take (> 2000º F. a cikin <1 second) a cikin sashin. Fara farawa kusan nan take; ba a buƙatar dumi ko kwantar da hankali.
  • Inganta Kayan Samfuri Bangarori ba zasu taba haduwa kai tsaye da harshen wuta ko wani sinadarin dumama wuta ba; ana haifar da zafi a cikin ɓangaren kanta ta hanyar sauya wutar lantarki. A sakamakon haka, an rage girman shafin yin samfura, murdiya da rarar kudi.
  • Rage Abincin Kuzari Gaji da ƙarin kuɗin amfani? Wannan keɓaɓɓiyar hanyar sarrafa kuzari ya sauya zuwa kashi 90% na kuzarin da aka kashe makamashin cikin zafi mai amfani; furnasa murhun wuta gabaɗaya kawai 45% ne ke da ƙarfi. Babu buƙatar motsa jiki ko kwantar da hankali don haka asarar-zafi ta ragu zuwa mafi ƙarancin mafi ƙaranci.
  • Sauraren Muhalli Kona burbushin gargajiya ba shi da mahimmanci, yana haifar da tsabta, ba gurɓataccen tsari wanda zai taimaka kare yanayin.

Mene ne Cutar Cutar?

Ƙunƙasa Cikakken Hanyar dumama jiki ne mara lamba, wanda ke karɓar kuzari daga wani atingarin Magnetic Field, wanda uarfin uarfafawa (Inductor) ya samar.

Akwai hanyoyi guda biyu na shanye makamashi:

  • ƙarni na kusa-madauki (eddy) raƙuman ruwa a cikin jiki wanda ke haifar da ɗumi saboda juriya na kayan kayan jiki
  • hysteresis dumama (don kayan maganadisu KAWAI!) Saboda gogayya da ƙananan maganadisai masu girma (yankuna), wanda ke juyawa biyo bayan daidaiton filin magnetic waje

Ka'idar dumamar yanayi

Sarkar abubuwan mamaki:

  • Uarfafa wutar lantarki yana ba da na yanzu (I1) zuwa murfin shigarwa
  • Ilarfin igiya (ampere-juyawa) yana haifar da filin maganaɗisu. Layin filin a koyaushe a rufe yake (dokar yanayi!) Kuma kowane layi yana zagaye da tushen da yake yanzu - murfin juyi da kayan aiki
  • Fieldarin filin magnetic yana gudana ta ɓangaren ɓangaren ɓangaren (haɗe da ɓangaren) yana haifar da ƙarfin lantarki a cikin ɓangaren

  • Voltagearfin wutar lantarki ya haifar da ƙananan igiya (I2) a cikin ɓangaren da ke gudana a cikin shugabanci kishiyar haɓakar murfin inda zai yiwu
  • Eddy yana haifar da zafi a cikin ɓangaren

Gudun Wuta a cikin Shigar da Cutar Shigar da Ciki

Sauyawa halin yanzu yana canza shugabanci sau biyu a kowane zagayen mitar. Idan mita 1kHz ne, halin yanzu yana canzawa sau 2000 a cikin dakika daya.

Samfurin na yanzu da ƙarfin lantarki yana bada ƙimar ƙarfin nan take (p = ixu), wanda ke jujjuyawa tsakanin samar da wuta da murfin. Zamu iya cewa ana samun karfin juzu'i (Active Power) kuma wani bangare na nuna shi (Reactive Power) ta murfin. Ana amfani da batirin mai amfani don sauke janareto daga ƙarfin mai kunnawa. Masu ƙarfin aiki suna karɓar ƙarfin aiki daga murfin kuma aika shi zuwa murfin da ke tallafawa oscillations.

A da'irar “co--transformer-capacitors” ana kiranta da suna Resonant ko Tank Circuit.