Tsarin arfafa eningarfafa Tsarin

Uarfafa eningarfafa Tsarin Tsarin Aikace-aikace

Menene ƙarancin shigarwar?

Ƙarfafa ƙora wani nau'i ne na maganin zafin nama wanda ɓangaren ƙarfe mai wadataccen abun cikin carbon yake mai zafi a cikin filin shigar da shi sannan kuma ya sanyaya cikin sauri. Wannan yana ƙaruwa da ƙarfi da raunin ɓangaren. Heatingarfin zafin jiki yana ba ka damar samun dumama gida zuwa yanayin zafin jiki wanda aka riga aka ƙaddara kuma yana ba ka damar sarrafa tsarin taurin daidai. Hakanan ana tabbatar da sake maimaita tsari. Yawancin lokaci, ana amfani da ƙarancin shigar da abubuwa zuwa ɓangarorin ƙarfe waɗanda ke buƙatar samun ƙarfin juriya na sama, yayin kuma a lokaci guda kiyaye kayan aikinsu. Bayan an sami nasarar aiwatar da hargitsi na shigarwa, karfe na karfe ana bukatar kasheshi cikin ruwa, mai ko ingin iska don samun takamaiman kaddarorin shimfidar saman.

shigar da hardening surface surface

Ƙarfafa ƙora hanya ce ta hanzari da zazzage yanayin ɓangaren ƙarfe. An sanya murfin jan ƙarfe ɗauke da mahimmin matakin sauyawa a halin yanzu (baya taɓawa) ɓangaren. Ana yin zafi a, kuma kusa da farfajiya ta hanyar eddy na yanzu da asarar hysteresis. Quench, yawanci tushen ruwa tare da ƙari kamar polymer, ana fuskantar shi zuwa ɓangaren ko ya nitse. Wannan yana canza tsarin zuwa martensite, wanda yafi wuya fiye da yadda yake a da.

Wani sanannen, nau'in zamani na kayan hardening kayan aiki ana kiransa sikanan. Ana riƙe ɓangaren tsakanin cibiyoyin, juyawa, kuma ya ratsa cikin kewaya mai ci gaba wanda ke ba da zafi da kuma jin zafi. Theunƙarar tana fuskantar ƙasa da murfin, don haka kowane yanki na ɓangaren ana sanyaya cikin sauri nan da nan bayan dumama. Levelarfin wuta, lokacin zama, yanayin sikanin (abinci) da sauran masu canjin tsari ana sarrafa su ta hanyar kwamfuta.

Tsarin hardening tsari da aka yi amfani da shi don ƙara ƙarfin juriya, taurin fuska da rayuwar gajiya ta hanyar ƙirƙirar ɗakunan farfajiya mai taurin kai yayin ci gaba da asalin microstructure mara tasiri.

Ƙarfafa ƙora ana amfani dashi don haɓaka kayan aikin inji na abubuwan haɗin ƙarfe a cikin takamaiman yanki. Aikace-aikacen aikace-aikace sune ƙarfin motsa jiki, dakatarwa, kayan aikin injiniya da hatimi. Uarfafa shigarwar yana da kyau a gyara garantin da'awar / gazawar filin. Abubuwan fa'ida na farko sune haɓakawa cikin ƙarfi, gajiya da juriya a cikin yanki ba tare da sake fasalin ɓangaren ba.

Tsarin aiki da Masana'antu waɗanda zasu iya fa'idantar da ƙarancin shigarwar:

  • Heat-magani

  • Sarkar hardening

  • &Arfafa bututu & Bututu

  • Jirgin ruwa

  • Aerospace

  • Railway

  • Mota

  • Sabunta kuzari

Fa'idodin Hardarfafa Indarfafawa:

An yi ni'ima don abubuwan da aka ɗora nauyi mai nauyi. Uunƙwasawa yana ba da taurin ƙasa mai girma tare da zurfin hali wanda ke iya ɗaukar manyan ɗimbin nauyi. Arfin gajiya yana ƙaruwa ta hanyar haɓaka cibiya mai taushi wanda ke kewaye da layin waje mai tsananin wuya. Waɗannan kaddarorin kyawawa ne ga sassan da ke fuskantar torsional loading da saman da ke fuskantar tasirin tasiri. Ana aiwatar da aikin shigar da abu kashi daya a wani lokaci wanda yake ba da damar saurin motsi daga bangare zuwa bangare.

  • Daidaitaccen iko akan zafin jiki da zurfin zurfin

  • Wuta mai sarrafawa da gida

  • Sauƙaƙe cikin haɗin layin samarwa

  • Tsarin sauri da sake maimaitawa

  • Kowane kayan aiki ana iya taurara su ta hanyar madaidaitan sigogi

  • Tsarin makamashi mai amfani

Abubuwan ƙarfe da ƙarfe da ƙarfe waɗanda za a iya taurara tare da shigar da su:

Fasteners, flanges, giya, bearings, bututu, ciki da na waje jinsi, crankshafts, camshafts, Yoke, drive shats, fitarwa shafts, spindles, torsion sanduna, yanka zobe, waya, bawuloli, rock drills, da dai sauransu.

Ara Resarfafawar Wear

Akwai daidaito kai tsaye tsakanin tauri da juriya na juriya. Juriyar lalacewar wani sashi yana ƙaruwa sosai tare da tauraruwar shigarwar, ɗauka yanayin farko na kayan ko dai an warware su, ko an bi da su cikin laushi.

Ara ƙarfi & Rayuwa na Rayuwa saboda Soft Core & Ragowar ressarfafa Matsalar a Farfajiyar

Stressarfin damfara (yawanci ana ɗaukar shi tabbatacce sifa ce) sakamakon ƙira mai ƙarfi kusa da farfajiyar da ke ɗaukar ƙaramin ƙarfi fiye da mahimmin tsari da na farko.

Za'a iya kwantar da sassa bayan Ƙunƙwasa Ƙarawa don Daidaita Matsayin Taurin, kamar yadda ake so

Kamar yadda yake tare da kowane tsari wanda ke samar da tsarin martensitic, zafin rai zai rage taushi yayin rage rauni.

Hali mai zurfi tare da Coreananan Maɗauri

Hankula masu zurfin harka shine .030 ”- .120” wanda ya fi zurfi a kan matsakaita fiye da matakai kamar su carburizing, carbonitriding, da kuma nau’ikan nau’ikan nitriding da ake yi a yanayin yanayin ƙarancin yanayi. Don wasu ayyukan kamar axels, ko sassan da suke da amfani koda bayan abu mai yawa ya ƙare, zurfin yanayin na iya kaiwa ½ inch ko mafi girma.

Zaɓin Hardarfafawar Zaɓuɓɓuka ba tare da buƙatar Masking ba

Yankunan da ke da walda ko bayan inji sun kasance masu laushi - ƙalilan sauran hanyoyin magance zafi sun sami damar cimma wannan.

Dangane da Distarancin Murdiya

Misali: tsaunin 1 "Ø x 40" mai tsayi, wanda yake da mujallu masu tazara biyu, kowane 2 "mai tsawo yana buƙatar tallafi na kaya da kuma juriya juriya. Uarfafa ingarfafawa an yi shi ne a kan waɗannan saman, jimlar tsawon 4 ”. Tare da wata hanya ta al'ada (ko kuma idan muka shigar da ƙarfi gaba ɗaya tsawon wannan al'amarin), za a sami ƙarin shafuka masu mahimmanci.

Yana ba da izinin amfani da Coananan Kuɗaɗen elsananan ƙarfi kamar 1045

Mafi shahararren ƙarfan da aka yi amfani da shi don ɓangarorin da za a ƙarfafa ƙarfinsu shi ne 1045. Yana da sauƙin aiki, mai arha, kuma saboda abun cikin carbon na 0.45% maras muhimmanci, yana iya zama shigarwar ya taurare zuwa 58 HRC +. Hakanan yana da ƙananan haɗarin fatattaka yayin jiyya. Sauran shahararrun kayan wannan aikin sune 1141/1144, 4140, 4340, ETD150, da baƙin ƙarfe daban-daban.

Untatawa na uarfafa Indarfafawa

Yana buƙatar Kayan Haɓakawa da Kayan Aiki wanda ke da alaƙa da Geometry ɗin Sashe

Tun da nisan haɗin haɗin gwiwa yana da mahimmanci ga ingancin zafin jiki, dole ne a zaba girman murfin da kwane-kwane sosai. Duk da yake yawancin masu ba da kyauta suna da kayan aiki na asali don zana siffofin zagaye kamar shafuka, fil, rollers da dai sauransu, wasu ayyukan na iya buƙatar haɗin al'ada, wani lokacin yakan kashe dubban daloli. A kan matsakaita zuwa manyan ayyuka, fa'idodin rage farashin magani ta kowane bangare na iya sauƙaƙe farashin kewaya. A wasu lokuta, fa'idodin aikin injiniya na aikin na iya wuce damuwa da tsadar kuɗi. In ba haka ba, don ƙananan ƙararrawa ƙira da ƙimar kayan aiki yawanci yana sanya aiwatar ta zama ba ta da amfani idan dole ne a sake sabon murfin. Dole ne a tallafawa sashin ta wata hanyar yayin jiyya. Gudun tafiya tsakanin cibiyoyi sanannen hanya ce don ɓangaren nau'in shaft, amma a wasu halaye da yawa dole ne a yi amfani da kayan aikin al'ada.

Likarfin Yiwuwar Kwatantawa idan aka kwatanta da yawancin Tsarin Kula da Zazzabin

Wannan ya faru ne saboda saurin dumamawa da ƙwanƙwasawa, har ila yau, yanayin ƙirƙirar ɗumbin ɗumi a fasali / gefuna kamar: manyan hanyoyi, ramuka, ramuka, zaren.

Rushewa tare da uarfafa uarfafawa

Matakan murdiya sun fi girma fiye da tsari kamar ion ko gas nitriding, saboda saurin zafi / kashewa da sakamakon sauya martensitic. Da aka faɗi haka, ƙarancin shigar da hankali na iya haifar da gurɓataccen yanayi fiye da maganin zafi na yau da kullun, musamman idan kawai ana amfani da shi zuwa yankin da aka zaɓa.

Limuntatawar kayan aiki tare da Hardarfafa ctionarfafawa

tun lokacin da shigar hardening tsari baya haɗuwa da yaduwar carbon ko wasu abubuwa, kayan dole ne su ƙunshi isasshen carbon tare da sauran abubuwan don samar da ƙwarin gwiwa mai tallafawa sauya martensitic zuwa matakin taurin da ake so. Wannan yawanci yana nufin carbon yana cikin kewayon 0.40% +, yana samar da taurin 56 - 65 HRC. Ana iya amfani da ƙananan kayan carbon kamar 8620 tare da ragin sakamako a cikin taurin mai nasara (40-45 HRC a wannan yanayin). Ba a amfani da baƙin ƙarfe kamar 1008, 1010, 12L14, 1117 yawanci saboda ƙarancin ƙaruwa cikin wahalar da ake iya cimmawa.

Detailsananan bayanan Tsarin Tsarin Indarfafa Indarfafawa

Ƙarfafa ƙora hanya ce da ake amfani da ita don taurin ƙarfe da sauran kayan haɗin gami. Ana sanya sassan da za'a yiwa zafi da zafi a cikin murfin tagulla sannan kuma a zafafa su sama da canjin yanayin canjin su ta hanyar amfani da wani sabon yanayin zuwa murfin. Canjin halin yanzu a cikin murfin yana haifar da wani yanayin magnetic a cikin aikin da ke haifar da saman farfajiyar zuwa zafin zuwa yanayin zafin sama da canjin canji.

Abubuwan da aka gyara suna da zafi ta hanyar wani madaurin maganadisu zuwa zafin jiki a ciki ko sama da kewayon sauyawa wanda ya biyo baya da sauri. Hanya ce ta lantarki ta amfani da murfin jan ƙarfe, wanda aka ciyar da shi a halin yanzu a takamaiman mita da matakin ƙarfinsa.